The Kurds have been the most oppressed people of the region for the past 100 years. Although they have a strong, ancient and well-established presence in the region, they nonetheless fell victim to the nationalist conflicts of the empires that ruled and governed them, as well as to the interests of colonial powers in the region.

The federal entity established in northern Iraq has been their most important “achievement” to date, as the Kurds look with great optimism to...